We all know who invented the first computer in the world but are you aware of India’s first computer? Our country has always surprised the world with its technological inventions. Whether it be the discovery of zero or the creation of a USB, India has never been out of the race of inventions. Want to know about the first technological inventions of India? Then you are at the right place to know some super fun facts about the first-ever technological inventions of our country.
TIFRAC – India’s First Computer
TIFRAC, also known as Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Automatic Calculator, was the first computer designed, at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai. At first, a TIFR Pilot Machine was created during the 1950s that came into operation in 1956.
The creation of the eventual machine was started in 1955 and was officially approved in 1960. It was then named TIFRAC by Jawahar Lal Nehru. The full machine was being used until 1965.
The machine included 2,700 vacuum tubes with 1,700 germanium diodes and 12,500 resistors. It also consisted of 2,048 40-bit words of ferrite core memory. TIFRAC was an early user of such memory.
The principal manufacturing of TIFRAC was placed in a monstrous steel rack estimating 18 feet x 2.5 feet x 8 feet which consisted of vacuum tubes. It was manufactured from modules of 4 feet x 2.5 feet x 8 feet with a steel entrance on each side for accessing the circuits.
Hindustan Ambassador – India’s First Car
Hindustan Ambassador was the first car to be developed in India. The manufacturers took inspiration from Morris Oxford of the United Kingdom to design India’s first car. It was assembled in Calcutta by Hindustan Motors in association with Morris Motors. India produced its first Ambassador in 1958. The car was popularly known as the ‘King of Indian Roads’. It continued to be a part of the Indian market until 2014.
Manav – India’s First Robot
The first 3D-printed humanoid robot manufactured in India is Manav. It took only 2 months for Roboticist Diwakar Vaish to design the robot in the laboratory of the A Set Training and Research Institute in 2014. It weighs 2 kg and stands 2 feet tall. The robot has various in-built processors and sensors that let the robot respond to commands, walk, and dance. Manav also consists of binocular vision processing that allows it to understand and gather information. Additionally, the robot comes with a Lithium Polymer rechargeable battery that lasts up to an hour. MANAV also possesses features of Bluetooth and WiFi connectivity.
BOSS – India’s First Operating System
Bharat Operating System Solutions is an Indian OS released in 2007 in four editions: BOSS Desktop, EduBOSS, BOSS Advanced Server, and BOSS MOOL. Centre for Development and Advanced Computing developed this OS with the motive of increasing and attaining advantage from Free and Open Source Software all over the country. The software is available in 19 Indian languages to make it easy to understand and personalize. It has upgraded up to four versions: BOSS 5.0 (Anokha), BOSS 6.0 (Anoop), BOSS 7.0 (Drishti), and BOSS 8.0 (Unnati).
NavIC – India’s First GPS System
India launched its own navigation system – IRNSS (Indian Regional National Satellite System) on 1st July 2013. It is identical to the US GPS System. The operative name of the navigation system is NavIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation). It is an autonomous regional satellite navigation system that gives precise real-time location and timing services. It is functional in India and any region around it within 1500 km. ISRO wholly operates the satellite located at the height of 36,000 km.
Let us take a moment to appreciate these inventors who have made India proud by giving the country these amazing inventions.
Did you know about these less popular inventions of India? If not, then do share them with your friends to increase their knowledge as well.